Evidence-Based Behavioral Interventions

There are many assessment that can be utilized to support behavior intervention. The following information on assessments is designed to inform the reader.

IEP: Individual Education Plan
FBA: Functional Behavior Assessment
BIP: Behavior Intervention Plan (amendment to IEP)
PBS: Positive Behavior Supports
RTI: Response To Intervention

The FBA supports behavior intervention as it is critical in identifying the function of a particular behavior in order to plan a positive behavior plan that will change that behavior (Kerr and Nelson, 2010). Without an FBA, you cannot identify the function of the behavior that needs changing. Once it is identified, you can structure the classroom and behavior supports to help the student change in a positive way.

PBS and RTI are not the same thing. The third tier of RTI addresses more severe behaviors and involves individual strategies in behavior management (Laureate Education Inc., 2010). Positive Behavior Supports (PBS) are put into place once an FBA has been completed and the targeted behavior has been identified. RTI also targets specific behavior and implements individual strategies to assist in correcting this behavior. They are very similar, however an FBA is typically seen in conjunction with a BIP in an IEP which is for all grades, and RTI is typically utilized in the lower grades and can be implemented with an IEP but is usually implemented before an IEP becomes the focus of the students behavioral and academic issues.


Kerr, M., & Nelson, C. M. (2010). Strategies for addressing behavior problems in the classroom (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2010). Advanced behavioral interventions in special education. Baltimore: Dr. Sean Smith and Dr. Jeanmarie Bantz

A Little More Information…

Based on the research, FBA, PBS and RtI should all be applied together in the same classroom….even as adults, we are more responsive to positive rather than punitive interactions.

An FBA supports behavior analysis by finding out exactly what precedes an undesirable behavior, the behavior itself, and what happens as a consequence. This information is extremely useful to formulating an effective PBS and RtI.


The Special Connections website (1999-2005 University of Kansas) provides teachers with information about instruction, behavior plans, collaboration, and assessment. Retrieved on November 14, 2010 from http://www.specialconnections.ku.edu/cgi-bbin/cgiwrap/specconn/main.php?cat=behavior&section=main&subsection=classroom/preventive